Kingdom of Naples
Prior to the Kingdom of Naples, the Kingdom of Sicily had consisted of the island of Sicily along with much of southern Italy. At the time it was under the control of the Angevin ruler King Charles I.
However, following the Sicilian Vespers rebellion on Sicily in 1282, the island broke away and the kingdom was divided into two:
- The Kingdom of Sicily comprising the island of Sicily
- The Kingdom of Naples comprising southern Italy
King Charles I kept up his claim to Sicily and for some time there were contiued efforts to regain control of the island. In 1373 however Queen Joan I of Naples renounced all claims.
For a short time between 1442 - 1458 the two kingdoms were united under Alfonso V however on his death they separated again.
After this, the kingdom changed hands a number of times being ruled by the French, then the Bourbons (with British help) and Napoleon who installed his brother as King of Naples who ruled till Napoleon's brother-in-law was made king in 1808. Following the death of Napoleon the two kingdoms were reunited once more into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies in 1816.
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