It was founded by the Romans in 181 BCE as a frontier fortress on the north-east, not far from the site where, two years before, Gaulish invaders had attempted to settle.
The discovery of the goldfields near the modern Klagenfurt in 150 BCE brought it into notice, and it soon became a place of importance, not only owing to its strategic position, but as a centre of trade, especially in agricultural products. It also had, in later times at least, considerable brickfields. It was plundered by the Iapydes under Augustus, but, in the period of peace which followed, was able to develop its resources. Augustus visited it during the Pannonian wars in 12-10 BCE and it was the birthplace of Tiberius’s son by Julia, in the latter year.
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