Originally meant as administrative districts of the central state, the regions acquired a significant level of autonomy following a constitutional reform in 2001. There are 15 ordinary regions and 5 autonomous regions created to take into account the linguistic and cultural differences of these areas as well as their geographic location.
Each region has an elected parliament, called Regional Council (or Regional Assembly in Sicily) and a government called Regional Junta headed by the regional President. The latter is directly elected by the citizens of each region, with the exceptions of Aosta Valley and Trentino-Alto Adige, where he is chosen by the Regional Council.
List of Regions
Note that starred regions are autonomous.
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