Although Italian is the primary language of Italy, there are a number of protected Linguistic Minorities in the country.
|Arbëreshë||Calabria, Basilicata, Molise, Sicilly||90,000||spoken by the Arbëreshë|
|Franco-Provençal||Aosta Valley, Calabria, Piedmont, Puglia||70,000|
|German||Aosta Valley, Trentino-Alto Adige||225,000|
|Griko||Calabria, Puglia||20,000||a form of Greek spoken by the Greek ethnic minority|
Italian law states that these minority languages and cultures should be preserved and promoted. It decrees that, among other things, these languages and cultures can be taught in schools, that the official documents and acts are bilingual, and that the local language can be used for territorial broadcasting information.
Some of the protected languages are commonly spoken but not frequently written. For example, bilingual web sites are not common. The exceptions are related in particular to border regions which speak Italian as second language, e.g. the German speaking areas of Trentino-Alto Adige region and the French speaking Aosta Valley, whose official web sites are frequently bi- or multi-lingual, especially those of public bodies that by law have to provide bilingual information.
For the same reason, to date, only four of the linguistic minorities in Italy are provided for with programmes broadcast by the national public broadcaster RAI: the French speakers of the Aosta Valley, the German speakers of South Tyrol, the Ladin speakers in the Dolomites and the Slovenian speakers of Trieste.
The video shows a clip from Star Trek overdubbed in Friulano.
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