Genoa (Genova) is a comune in the province of Genoa in the region of Liguria. It has about 609,000 inhabitants and is the largest comune in Liguria. It comprises a narrow strip of coastal land on the Ligurian Sea behind which are hills and mountains (the highest peak is Mount Reixa - 1.183 mt above sea level).
Thanks to its heavy industry Genoa is one of the most important cities in the country and it is part of the so called industrial triangle (triangolo industriale).
Aside from the industrial sector, Genoa is known for its research work in science and technology, for its publishing houses and its strong presence in telecommunications.
Genoa is the birth place of football but in more recent times rugby and swimming have started to play an equally important role in sport here.
Known for its natural port since the 6th century BCE, Genoa flourished as a maritime republic during the Middle Ages, when having taken part in the Crusades it gained seafaring and commercial supremacy over the whole Mediterranean. Reminders of its glorious past are the many old, sumptuous palazzi, which gained it the nickname of the Superb.
Over years of industrialization, Genoa became the capital of the Italian steel industry and a major center of heavy engineering, shipbuilding and petrochemicals, as well as one of the most important ports in the Mediterranean.
In recent years, its post-industrial transformation led Genoa to be nominated European Capital of Culture in 2004. Among the works that contributed to changing the urban landscape of the city are the renovation of the Old Port on a design by Renzo Piano, and the Aquarium, which has become not only a main tourist attraction but also an important point of reference for marine scientists.