Catanzaro is its capital city.
Traditionally a land of emigration due to the scarcity of good arable lands, Calabria has a population of just over 2 million people, who mainly live on the plains and along the coast.
Calabria is divided in five provinces here ordered by number of residents:
- province of Cosenza (CS)
- province of Reggio Calabria (RC)
- province of Catanzaro (CZ)
- province of Crotone (KR)
- province of Vibo Valentia (VV)
Tourism is Calabria's main viable industry, one which has been steadily on the rise in the last few decades. Industrial development is low and agriculture is not very productive, because of the rugged terrain.
The discovery of the Riace Bronzes, the two Greek statues dredged from the sea and exhibited since the early 1980s in the Museo Nazionale della Magna Grecia in Reggio Calabria, revived the interest for this region and attracted hundreds of thousands of tourists.
After the division of the Roman Empire into the Western and the Byzantine Empire, which was the predominantly Greek-speaking eastern Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, Calabria remained under Byzantium until the Lombards occupied it in the 7th century CE.
Later on it was conquered by the Normans (1060), then by the Swabians, the Anjou and the Aragonese, under whose domination there were peasants' riots in 1459 and the famous rebellion led by Tommaso Campanella in 1599.
The Spanish occupation was especially tyrannical for the region, and the 19th century saw the rise of patriot movements (the Carboneria) and riots, until in 1860 the population rose to support Garibaldi after he landed with his red shirts at Melito.
As all the Kingdom of Naples, Calabria was then united to the newly established Kingdom of Italy. The decades that followed saw an increase in poverty and emigration, also due to the great disparity between the rich industrial regions of Northern Italy and the agricultural, poorer South.
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