There are 20 regions of Italy, 5 of which are autonomous.
In recent years more proposals for greater autonomy of various regions have been made. This has gained momentum with the emergence of seperatist parties such as Lega Nord gaining popularity.
Currently the following regions are specified as autonomous:
Their statutes are constitutional laws approved by the Parliament, granting them relatively broad powers in relation to legislation and administration, but also significant financial autonomy. They keep between 60% (Friuli-Venezia Giulia) and 100% (Sicily) of all taxes and decide how to spend the revenues.
These regions became autonomous in order to take into account that they host linguistic minorities (German-speaking in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, French-speaking in Aosta Valley, Slovenians in Friuli-Venezia Giulia) or are geographically isolated (the two islands, but also Friuli-Venezia Giulia).
Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol constitutes a special case. The region itself is nearly powerless and the powers granted by the region's statute are mostly exercised by the two autonomous provinces within the region, Trento and Bolzano. The regional institutions play a coordinating role.
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